CELL DIVISION: Conparing mitosis and meiosis

1) The purpose of meiosis is to reduce the normal diploid cells (2 copies of each chromosome / cell) to haploid cells or gametes (1 copy of each chromosome per cell).

2) In animals, meiosis takes place in the testes and in females, the ovaries.

 

3)

 

4)

5) red blood cells cannot undergo mitosis because they no longer have a nucleus or chromosomes. New red blood cells must develope from cells which still have their nuclei & chromosomes, and are capable of mitotic reproduction.

“The destructors”

Hi! I’ve been working with Martina Ibarbia, Victoria Landolfo and Rosario Vago on these questions on “The destructors”

 

Rite of passage

 

  1. An object of desire
  2. Trespassing (Defying authority)
  3. “Dare/Challenge (Construction of identity)
  4. The mischief (it should be owned up and dealt with in a mature way)
  5. Atonement (Confesion and regret, acceptance)

 

Answers:

1.The desire of the kids is to destroy Mr. Thomas’s house, and the reader can notice this when it “reads: “ ‘We’ll pull it down,’ he said. ‘We’ll destroy it’.” And “ It’s proposed that tomorrow, and Monday we destroy Old Misery’s house.”

2. The kids defy the authorities (authorities being the owner of the house, their parents and the law) when they enter “Old Misery’s” house without any kind of permission. “Blackie climbed the door into Misery’s garden.”

3. Trevor wanted to prove that he could be more than just another member of the gang. He wanted to show that although he came from a high class and had a fancy name, he could still be like the others, in fact he believed he could be the leader of the gang. “ ‘I don’t want to pinch anything’ T. said. ‘I’v got a better idea.’” , “‘It was the end of his (Blackie’s) leadership’” and “ T. was giving his orders with decision” show us that the idea T. had allowed him to prove that he could be a great leader.

4. The kids show no kind of regret after being caught by Mr. Thomas, we can see this when they lock him in the loo and intend to leave him there over night. “‘There’s nothing personal,’ the voice said. ‘We want you to be comfortable tonight’” and “‘You wouldn’t be comfortable, not in your house, you wouldn’t. Not now’”.

5. The kids don’t confess or show regret with actions after destroying Old Misery’s house. “‘ What do you mean, boy?’ but the footsteps receeded.” After the disaster the kids made at the house, they left, leaving Mr. Thomas aline the whole night in a garden loo.

  • Find quotes to prove the following themes:

 

  1. The individual affected by the social crisis. (Post war).

  • “‘I got some chocolates’ (…) The gang were puzzled and perturbed by this action and tried to explain it away”. The kids don’t trust the man, they seem to believe that too much kindness isn’t normal in people, so they choose to find an explanation to why somebody would do this extremely rare gest and make it go away. There is no trust in society either, every day there are less persons willing to do an act of true kindness towards the other, so when we do receive one, we find ourselves puzzled and can not believe it.

 

  • “‘Let me out’ he called, and heard the key turn in the lock. ‘A serious crash,’ he thought, and felt dithery and confused and old.” The man is clearly affected by the problem the kids are causing, although he hasn’t done anything to them or anyone else. We can see this in society, bad things happen to people that haven’t done anything to deserve it (As in war: horrible deaths just because they tried to save the country).

 

  1. The aftermath of he war: How destruction leads to more destruction.

  • “‘we’ve done enough anyway.’ ‘Oh, no, we haven’t. Anybody could do this’ (…) ‘We’ve got to finish.’ This quote shows how they had the chance to stop and leave the house, but they decided the destruction they had caused wasn’t enough. If they had already got there, why were they to stop? They found no answer to this question and kept on destroying. People often find that the damages that they have caused arent discovered or caught, so they keep on doing what they’re doing at higher risks and causing more destruction to society.

 

  1. The evil nature of man.

  • “‘I don’t mind you playing round the place Saturday mornings. Sometimes I like company.’ (…)  ‘Let me out’ he called, and heard the key turn in the lock. ‘A serious crash,’ he thought, and felt dithery and confused and old.” The kids tricked Old misery into the loo, even after he told them they could come over on saturdays and play in his garden. We can see how evil the kids are even after the old man offered an act of kindness.

 

  1. Loss of compassion (as a result of war).

  • “His eye lit on the remains of a bath and what had once been a dresser and he began to laugh. There wasn’t anything left anywhere.” The man’s home had been destroyed along with everything he cared about and had to listen to a man laugh about the misery he was left in. This man that helped him get out of the loo had a significant loss of compassion.

 

  1. Class struggle.

  • “There was every reason why T., as he was afterwards reffered to, should have been an object of mockery- there was his name (and they substituted the initial because otherwise they had no excuse to laugh at it), the fact that his father, a former architect and present clerk, had ‘cone down in the world’ and that his mother considered herself better than the neighbours.” We can see how the kids had to replace Trevor’s name for “T” because they would otherwise laugh at it all day because it was a rich person’s name. Trevor was at a higher social class and his new friends mocked him for it.

 

Symbols:

1. Mr Thomas’s house: this house was a symbol of strength and hope, that was the only thing that survived the war.

2. Mr Thomas and the children: they represent the fragmented society, on one hand, Mr Thomas conveys the goodness that survived the war, and the children the damaged part of society, that lose all hopes.

3. Old Misery: this name was how the kids called Mr Thomas, it conveys the impossibility of seeing good in people and kindness, that how everyone must be buried in misery after war.

4. Money burning: it symbolizes what the kids wanted, they were so affected by war, everything they wanted was to destroy, to take away people’s belongings to put them in the same position as they were.

5. The debris of the house: it symbolizes the ruins of war, how destroyed was London town.

6. The laughter of the driver: this showed the lack of compassion people had, the destroyed society after war.

BLOG ANSWERS:

2) I believe that the theme of this story is lack of compassion, cruelness, destruction, war and society. We can see the lack of compassion and cruelness when the kids lock Old misery in his own loo and destroy his house, without thinking for a second that they were ruining his life, we can also see it when the man in the truck laughs about the destruction of a home and a life. Destruction is presented in the house, Old misery’s life and the kid’s childhood and innocence. The society is shown as a wrecked one, because the innocent lives of the children have now become into souls of evil and with no place for feeling anything but anger and desire of destruction, who will grow and will be the future of the society, while the owner of the truck laughs at a life getting ruined with not a little pity for the man in order to even try to control himself and show some respect in front of a destroyed home. All these can be compared with war and the pain and destruction it causes: lovely lives destroyed along with territory, in such cruel manner

 

4)  The story is set in London since London was extremely damaged after World War Two. The story complains about the consequences of war. Firstly, because it explains how war destroyed every house placed there. Secondly, because it affected people emotionally. In the story, the children did not trust that something good could happen and wanted to destroy the only house that survived the war. The story does not tackle the causes of the war since it is placed after the war.

 

7) At the end of the story, the gang ended up destroying the whole house. When Old Misery was able to escape, he was devastated because of the destruction of the house. We believe that the author ended the story in that way to prove that nothing good could stand after a war.

 

8) At the end T. Reaches his goal. Old misery cannot escape the loo all night and only gets out when it’s too late. In the morning, a man came to get his cab from the car-park in front of the old house, and began to drive away not knowing what effect it would have. The car came to a jolting as if being pulled from behind, resulting in a disaster. The house falling in pieces to end having debris all over the place.

 

9) yes, it is true that on a deeper level the story is about delinquency, war, and the hidden forces which motivate our actions because it is strange to see some kids of 9-13 years in these kind of situations.

 

10) Ibelieve the destruction of Old misery’s house was more senseless than the destruction brought about war. The war had an aim, citizens fought together as brothers for the well being of their country, they gave their lives for their people, while what the kids did with Old misery’s home had no sense or aim, their only target was to destroy, and they took a life along with it.

 

11) Nihilism means the rejection of all religious and moral principles, in the belief that life is meaningless. The gang actions of the story demonstrate a kind of nihilism since the same protagonist are the ones who reject any belief or faith in something good. Plus, they do not have moral principles either. We can assume that because they destroyed the house of an old man who did not deserve what happened to him.

 

 

 

 

 

 

“Dulce et decorum est” War poetry

Here is what i’ve been working on with Gonzalo Criniti and Silvestre Braun!

 

“Dulce et Decorum Est”

Look for information about Wilfred Owen
Characteristics of war poetry
Explain each stanza with your own words
Which images predominate? Quote and explain
What does the title mean? Lo

Wilfred Owen:
Born in 1893 died in 1918
War poet
English soldier who fought in the WW1
He was homosexual
War poetry:
Themes
Rhetoric of honor
Early war poets focus on the causes of the war and the emphasize the abstract notion of honor
Late war poets are visibly anti-war. Focus on the details of their war experience and the hard reality of war.
Injury
Death
Explain:
1st stanza:
Soldiers are backing up, growing away from the battlefield. They are in very poor conditions. They are exhausted and upset because things aren’t going as planned (ex: “disappointed shells that dropped behind”).
2nd stanza:
They throw gas to them. They ran away. People started dying. He saw a man die in front of him, drowning and in agony.
3rd stanza:
the man keeps dying and his mind; the voice can’t save him and is clearly hurt because of it.
4th stanza:
It starts describing all the bad things about the war, all the suffering, and showing the true side of the war. There is an irony, when the government explains to the new young soldiers entering the army what war is (pride, honor, defend the country), but in fact they are hiding the truth.
The images that predominate are auditory and visual:

Visual:
“like old beggars under sacks”: they have the same poor conditions as a homeless person.
“coughing like hags” the author wants to portray their bad physical condition.

Auditory:
“still was yelling out and stumbling”: Chaos and shouting plus the sound that the boots and the falls made together with the ground.
The exact meaning of the title is “it is sweet and honorable”. But this really makes sense to the reader when it is followed by “pro patria mori”, which means “to die for one’s country”. This is the real idea that the author wants to portray throughout the poem: how the people made it sound like in the attempt to encourage them to sign in, but it was really horrible, they died in awful conditions and humiliated.

First Stanza:
What is the main emotion expressed in the first stanza (verse)?
Write an example of a simile used in the first stanza
Why were the shells ‘disappointed’?

Pity, fury towards the government, sadness and sorrow
“like old beggars under sacks”: Simile undermines stereotypes image of soldiers as young and fit. Suggests they are filthy and weak
The metaphorical meaning of the disappointed shells, is that the enemies throw the soldiers bombs, but they were “disappointed” because they never got to their target.

Second Stanza:
How does the emotion change at the beginning of the second stanza?
What were the soldiers ‘fumbling’ for and why?
Owen uses a metaphor to describe what the gas looked like. Write it here:
The main emotion changes from sadness and pity to shock and madness. We can see this because there is a new unknown element for the soldiers, and they are surprised when they see the effect in people (gas bombs): “GAS! Gas! Quick, boys!” the exclamation mark suggests that something important is happening, and as gas is new for them, they are surprised and scared, so they must act fast.
Fumbling: move clumsily in various direction using the hands to find one’s way. Soldiers were fumbling to find their way through the mist, and trying no to tumble over bodies on the ground.
“through the misty panes and thick green light, As under a green sea”.

Third Stanza:
Why do you think the third stanza is only two lines long? Think about the dramatic effect and the emotion:
We think that the stanza is two lines long because the phrase is one of the most importants and shocking from the poem. The writer vividly transmits how he was perturbed by the death of his friend, dying in front of him “choking, drowning”, maybe in his own blood.

Fourth Stanza:
What is the main emotion expressed in the fourth stanza?
Name three parts of the body that are affected by this sort of gas:
Explain the final lines.
The main emotion expressed inthe fourth stanza is anger towards th government and the way they tried to persuade people into signing in for tye war. He describes it as “The old Lie”.
The three parts are:
The face (eyes): “And watch the white eyes writhing in his face”. The sight of the men was suffering, both from the gas and from the horrible view.
The lungs/respiratory system: men were fighting to breath, as they suffered. Also the blood they were throwing up didn’t let them breath, and they started choking.
The stomach/digestive system: soldiers, because of the bitter smell of the gas, started throwing up the blood wich “Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs”.
The meaning of the final lines is: Owen tries to makes us re-ask ourselves, after giving us another completely new point of view of the war, if it is worth to die for our country or not, by repeating the title and completing the phrase.

Extended question:
The poem transmits anger, sadness and fury from the voice, he is clearly upset that he was forced to see a friend die, and it makes him feel desperate for not being able to do anything. The voice is also angry because he was forced to fight in awful conditions: with few hours of sleep and with heavy and uncomfortable clothing.
Similes as: “Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud” show us how dark, filthy and bitter the situation was. We believe the author wants to make the reader understand how awful war was, the things that it does to you, the hard time of having to see a friend die and the despair of not being able to do anything about it. Another thing the author wants us to understand is the fact that gases were unknown at the time, so people were surprised by them and killed due to the damage these provoked.

Write an essay. Compare and contrast 2 of the poems you have worked on. Comment closely on the themes, tones and how the writers convey their message.

Soldier Rest

Themes: War, sleep, freedom, closure and death.
Tone: free, urging
Literary devices:
Metaphor of death; “sleep the sleep that knows Not breaking”. The “death that knows no breaking”
Auditory/ visual image; “squadron tramping”
“Armour’s clang”these literary devices help the Reader understand how tormenting the war was and encourage the soldiers to fight and die with no fear and honour

Personal opinion: through this very descriptive poem, Sir Walter Scott wanted to portray and protest about the war and about society. He thought that soldiers were mistreated and didn’t have to fight. Wars were caused because of the mistakes and bad decisions of their leaders/kings. But in consequence, soldiers had to work very hard and fight for a purpose that maybe they weren’t even interested in. So we after reading the poem, and think about it, we can see that humans repeat their mistakes again and again, we can’t learn nothing about them. This means that no matter what, there will always be wars, and poor soldiers fighting, without stopping, only resting when they die.

The death bed:
Stanza 1:
The poet presents a dead person “unshaken as the steadfast walls”. He is so immobilized that he is compared with steady walls in the previous simile.
Through the alliterative “s”, the poet is able to emphasize the fact that he is in silence, because he is dead: “Silence and safety”. In the previous alliteration we can see the emotion emphasized.
Moreover, we can relate the fact that he is dead in the following metaphor “soaring nd quivering in the Wings of sleep”. Here ‘sleep’ is personified and it is covering the man, meaning that death is coming.
“moonless waves of death”, the man is at the border of the “shore”. He is between life and death
Stanza 2:
“Someone” symbolizes death. Death was holding water to his mouth because he was drowning. So death is personified.
The poet illustrates how dead the man is by comparing what he saw with what he sees now. “Through crimson gloom to darkness”, this metaphor is related with the fact he used to see colours, such as red, but now, because he is dying, he only sees black colours, darkness.
By presenting the following auditory and tactile image, the poet is able to express the pain the man was suffering, “The opiate throb and ache that was his wound”. He was in such pain that he heard his own agony.
The repetition of the word “water” emphasizes the fact that he was drowned.
the “Bird-voiced” alliteration together with the “sky” and the “weir” are used to emphasize the fact that he was outside, in the nature, and not in a swimming pool. It suggests that the man was drowned from a boat.
Through this alliterative phrase we know he is dead, sleeping, since he emit a long, deep audible breath expressing sadness: “oars, and sighed, and slept”
Stanza 3:
The next alliteration is used to emphasize how painful he was that now is at the hospital, “With a gust of wind, was in the ward”. We can sort of feel his grief through that tactile image as it causes in the reader shivers
The repetition of “night” contributes to the repetition of its symbol, death
The poet suggests that something ghostly was taking the man to death, “glinting among the wraiths of wandering cloud”
“purple, scarlet, green” this visual image presents dark colours that symbolize death, if they are obscure.
“drowning eyes” in this visual image we are directly informed that the man was drowned.
Stanza 4:
“Rain- he could hear it rustling through the dark” In this auditory image, rain symbolises sadness
The auditory image, “passionless music”, makes reference to something sad and dead (as dead as the man who was drawn). The music has lost its life, so as the man
“gently and slowly washing life away” makes reference to death
Stanza 5:
“Pain” is personified
The following simile shows the agony that the man is suffering and it is compared with a monster, with a beast: “pain leaped like a prowling beast”
As the man is dying, he won’t be able to achieve his “groping dreams”
Death is personified as it came towards him, it “paused and stared”
Stanza 6:
“Light many lamps”, light is a symbol of life and hope
The poet announces that the man could be saved and he transmit that in the next images.
“lend him your eyes, warm blood and will to live”, the visual and tactile image tells us that there might be an opportunity for him to be alive
“Speak to him; rouse him; you may save him yet” There are possibilities for him to be saved
The voice is begging death not to kill the young man who hates war
Stanza 7:
In spite of the fact that someone or something begged not to kill the man, it did it. So “Death replied: “I choose him” So he went”.
“Silence in the summer night” So the auditory image reflect his death as there is silence at night. “silence and safety”
Auditory image: “thudding of the guns”

Theme: war poetry, death, dreams
Tone: The tone in this poem is 
Structure: We believe the lines of the finishing veres are shorter to emphasise how the an is slowly dying, as the poem itself.

Task 3:
The Kiss: Siegfried Sassoon (http://studylib.net/doc/8065689/siegfried-sassoon–the-kiss–%E2%80%93-the-essay-of-analysis-and)

To these I turn, in these I trust—
Brother Lead and Sister Steel.
To his blind power I make appeal,
I guard her beauty clean from rust.

He spins and burns and loves the air,
And splits a skull to win my praise;
But up the nobly marching days
She glitters naked, cold and fair.

Sweet Sister, grant your soldier this:
That in good fury he may feel
The body where he sets his heel
Quail from your downward darting kiss.

Themes: war, death, loyalty
Tone: maniac, adulating
Literary devices:
Alliteration: “Sister Steel”
Oxymoron: “To his blind power I make appeal”
Imagery: “darting kiss”
Personal opinion: Siegfried Sassoon, through this poem, wants to transmit that war is crazy and that can turn a man into a crazy person, that only wants and loves killing. In this poem, the voice is a soldier who is speaking about his gun: “Brother Lead and Sister Steel”. Brother Lead is the bullet, and Sister Steel is the barrel. In his first sentence he says “in these I trust”. We can see that the has a complete sense of trust over the gun. He gained this from using it a lot of times, so we can assume he killed a lot of people. Then he shows his admiration for the bullet, but also he has a bigger admiration for the barrel, which he keeps “clean from rust”. The second stanza he admires how the bullet goes through a skull. And in the third stanza, the voice talks of killing a man with the barrel, putting his feet on him, and then giving him a darting kiss from the barrel. In conclusion, this poem shows how people can go mad during war, as the voice in this poem, who is adulating the weapon, and he also feels he is in “heaven” when he kills with it.

Everyone sang: Siegfried Sassoon

Everyone suddenly burst out singing;
And I was filled with such delight
As prisoned birds must find in freedom,
Winging wildly across the white
Orchards and dark-green fields; on – on – and out of sight.

Everyone’s voice was suddenly lifted;
And beauty came like the setting sun:
My heart was shaken with tears; and horror
Drifted away … O, but Everyone
Was a bird; and the song was wordless; the singing will never be done.

Themes: freedom, hope, liberty, happiness, life.
Tones: hopeful, encouraging, happy, positive.
Literary devices:
simile: “As prisoned birds must find in freedom”
Alliteration: “setting sun”
Imagery: “dark-green fields”

Personal opinion: We understood this poem as happy one, we interpreted it as the end of the first world war in 1914, but at the end, we perceive a severe disappointment from the voice, claiming that the war hadn’t ended quite yet. We understand this in the last stanza when it says:
“My heart was shaken with tears; and horror
 Drifted away … O, but Everyone
 Was a bird; and the song was wordless;
the singing will never be done.”
We believe that the voice refers to the treaty of versailles, when the allies were very harsh on Germany, there were many people that disagreed with the big three end were very afraid of the second world war.

Virtual Period: Chromosomes and mitosis

1) The difference between the body cells is that the one which contains one chromosome cell is a daghter cell, which has already gone through the cell division process, while the cell which contains one chromosome before cell division, duplicates its DNA in order to allow bopth of the daughter cells  have the same amount of chromosomes. 

2) On the one hand, body cells,go through a process called mitosis. Mitosis is the process of cell division where the parent cell divides to create identical daughter cells which have the equal number of chromosomes as the parent does. A body cell contains a complete number of chromosomes and is called a diploid cell. Gametes on the other hand go through a process called meiosis. Meiosis is the process of cell division wherein the parent cell divides its chromosomes into two sets and gives rise to germ cells. A gamete contains only half the number of chromosomes of its parent cell, and it is called a haploid cell.

4) Mitosis takes place when we cut ourselves, where new skin cells are made to help heal the wound and close the scar.

 

★ Male: I will show you the drawings at school because I am having problems with my phone.

Virtual period: Male reproductive system

1)

2)

Testes: Where spermatogenesis (the creation of sperm) takes place. Process has to happen at a temperature lower than body temperature, which they do by being located in the scrotum. It Creates testosterone.

Scrotum: Regulates the temperature of the testis by retracting upward towards the body or descending depending on the temperature, using the cremaster muscle and the dartos muscle

Epididymis: Set of tubes where sperm is stored and gains more mitochondria.

Vas deferens: Drains the epididymis of sperm and transports it to the urethra.

Urethra: In women, the urinary tube serves only as a passage for urine from bladder to the region near clitoris and vagina, while in men; it is involved in dual functions that are the transfer of urine out of the body through penile opening as well as the ejaculation of seminal fluid. The process of urination is controlled by both voluntary and involuntary actions where the exter

Seminal Vesicles: Contributes fluid to sperm.

Penis: The penis serves as the male organ used to deliver semen to the female during intercourse and also houses the urethra, which is used to transport semen and urine.

Bulbourethral glands:   Produce a clear fluid that lubricates the urethra for semen transport and to reduce any acidity in the urethra that is harmful to sperm.

Prostate gland:  The prostate gland produces fluids that make up semen. These fluids also supply nutrients to the sperm.

 

4)  Semen:  Sperm-containing fluid called semen

Sperm exist to unite one half of the man’s DNA with one half of the woman’s. Since it only has a half set of DNA, sperm cells are referred to as haploid, meaning half. These DNA halves combine when the sperm fertilizes a female ova (egg). This creates a complete set of DNA in the fertilized egg, which grows into a human fetus.

It contains sperm cells, which are capable of fertilizing the female eggs. Semen also contains other liquids, known as seminal plasma, which help to keep the sperm cells viable

5)  The head contains genetic information and an enzyme to help penetrate the egg cell membrane. The middle section is packed with mitochondria for energy. The tail moves the sperm to the egg.

(I cant take a picture because I am having trouble with my phone. I will take the drawing to school)

The Hollow of the Three Hills

I would like to connect this short story with a thought of mine, something that I thought of as a little girl and know strongly believe.
To start with, I think it is important to clear something up. I dont know if I belong to a set religion, I believe in the general idea that the bible predicts, the love of god and that we are all brothers and sisters and we should love eachother with the same intensity that he did, but I dont believe in the texts in the bible nor the prayers, whenever I need to talk to god, I just do.
As a child, I have always wondered what the situation would be like after we died: if we disappear, we come back in a different body or we just stay in a better place. One day, I was watching a tv show called floricienta, where one of the main characters died, and later could watch all his loved ones from heaven.
My grandfather passed.away recently, and I`ve heard many times from people trying to make things better, that he is in a better place and sees and protects us from up there. This led me to start believing that people that go to heaven or whatever place they go to, can really see us in everything we do, they are always with us
When I read the hollow of the three hills I could see this idea clearly, although the lady is actually alive when she visits her family, but the atmosphere can create a deadly image of the place she was in, that gets close to her death. This short story and my grandfather’s passing made this image of people protecting and watching us from another dimension very clear.

The lady in the looking glass

Questions

  1. Notice how the mirror in the first paragraph is set up as the frame for a kind of a portrait.
  2. The unnamed narrator attempts to construct a portrait of the Isabella Tyson that consists of her outer self and her inner self. The portrait is reflected in the objects inside and outside the house as they reflect in the mirror.Describe the images reflected in the mirror.
  3. What kind of contrast is there between the objects inside the house and outside the house, as they are reflected in the mirror
  4. Describe how the narrator attempts to compose the portrait through the mood inside the room, through her own imagination, and through the presentation of Isabella in the mirror
  5. What are the known facts about Isabella’s outer self?
  6. What material objects inside and outside the house does the narrator use to imagine Isabella’s life?
  7. What are Isabella’s letters supposed to conceal, according to the narrator? What would one know if one could only read them?
  8. At the end of the story, according to the narrator, is it possible to know objectively one’s inner reality?
  9. In this story Woolf questions whether the inner self of an individual is finally knowable. What do you think is her conclusion? Provide support for your statement.
  10. What do you think is the role of the mirror in the story? How has the mirror been used as a metaphor in literature?
  11. Describe the characteristics of this story that resemble stream-of-consciousness narrative technique.

Find a picture of a room inside and a garden to illustrate the house in the story:

I chose this image because it has many objects inside, which can create, if they arent well organized, a disturbing image, chaos. A disturbing room for the eye can be portrayed with Isabella Tyson´s mind. The garden outside seems very peceful, as the one in “The Lady in the Looking Glass”.

 

Answers:

  1. The looking glass “framed” Isabella, wh. she looked at herself in the looking glass, all the superficial things that she carried fell off. She stood completely naked in front of the mirror, making the readers able to see what were her thoughts and feelings, she had none. The mirror framed her, uncover and found Isabella’s inner self.
  2. The images reflected in the mirror are images of death. While the lady was standing in front of the mirror you could see that, even though she seem calmed and normal on the outside , she was dead on the inside.
  3. While the inside of the house was very messy and lonely, the outside was full of life and bright. This contrast between the two places, inside and outside, reflect the lady’s state of mind, she was calmed on the outside but a mess on the inside.
  4. The objects inside the house are described as constantly moving; chaotic. While the objects outside the house are described as fragile. The mirror reflects this two states of mind.
  5. The facts known about Isabella’s outer self are that she had a lot of money. Also that she had travelled all around the world, and we can say this because she had gathered one thing from each country she was in. Also she was a spinster, and she seem to not have any family connections.
  6. We can suppose that Isabella Tyson is a very materialistic and rich woman. She is what she chooses to show; the physical part. Isabella is a spinster.
  7. The letters that Isabella wrote concealed her inside self, so her personality and her illusions. So if you read the letters you could see what she’s thinking and feeling.
  8. Yes, in the end of the story Isabella realizes that she is dead inside and she is naked of personality, so her reality is given away to the reader, and we realizes that she is lonely and lost.
  9. We can know one’s inner self but at the same time, it is empty so there is nothing to know. At the beginning we think that Isabella owns some letters that we later come to realise that they are nothing but bills.
  10. We believe the mirror is a reflection of the inner self, in the story, it has the role of discovering the real Isabella, and make her see how empty she is. The mirror is a metaphor of purification, self realization, in this case, what Isabella really is.
  11. The stream of consciousness is a technique that Virginia Woolf used when she wrote whatever that came through her mind. She used Isabella to convey her feelings, thoughts and ideas. At the end of the story, we realize that Isabella and Virginia Woolf is empty inside.

Virtual Period: Neurones and Synapse

1. When the dendrites recieve a signal they go to the axon hilock. If the signal is powerfull it will travel through the axon (that could be very long) to other cells. Some axsons are so large that they travel through all the spine and others are shorter. When the signal reaches the terminal(the final part of the neurone) it goes to other cells and can cause another signal to appear.

2. (I have problems in taking and uploading photos to my blog, I found some in the internet)

sensory:

motor:

relay:

Functions:

  • Sensory: They take information of what its happening inside and outside the body and take it to the CNS to be processed.
  • Relay: They connect one neurone to another in the CNS. They take information from one neurone and pass it to another neurone.
  • Motor: They get information from other neurons and convey them to the muscles,organs and glands.

3.    The video I chose is the following: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WhowH0kb7n0

 

4. Impulses are transmitted from one nerve to another by synapse. An electrical impulse travels along an axon, that triggers the nerve-ending of a neuron to release neurotransmitters, these chemicals diffuse across the synapse (the gap) and hold together with receptor molecules on the membrane of the next neuron. The receptor molecules on the second neuron hold together only to the specific chemicals released from the first neuron. The second neuron can now transmit the electrical impulse to another one.

Virtual Period: Sex Hormones and Puberty

2. Male hormone: Testosterone is the  responsible for the development of the secondary sexual characteristics. It is produced in the Testes.

Female hormone: Oestrogen and Progesterone are the hormones  responsible for the development of the secondary sexual characteristics. They are produced in the ovaries.

 

3. You can look at my comparison table by clicking Here!

 

4. FSH ( Follicle Stimulating Hormone): A hormone secreted by the  pituitary gland (placed in the brain) which promotes the formation of ova or sperm.

LH (Luteinising Hormone): A hormone secreted by the pituitary gland that stimulates ovulation in females and the synthesis of androgen in males.

Oestrogen: They promote the development and maintenance of female characteristics of the body. Such hormones are also produced artificially for use in oral contraceptives or to treat menopausal and menstrual disorders.

Progesterone: A steroid hormone released by the corpus luteum that stimulates the uterus to prepare for pregnancy.

Oxytocin: A hormone released by the pituitary gland that causes increased contraction of the uterus during labour and stimulates the ejection of milk into the ducts of the breasts.

HCG: A hormone produced in the human placenta that maintains the corpus luteum during pregnancy.

Prolactin: Hormone that stimulates the breast to produce milk to breastfeed. Prolactin also inhibits ovulation.

Testosterone: A steroid hormone that stimulates development of male secondary sexual characteristics, produced mainly in the testes, but also in the ovaries and adrenal cortex.

 

5. a) 12 is the most common age at which boys undergo the changes of puberty.

b) No, It would be a cause of concern if she were about to turn 16 or 16 years old.

c) The features of puberty that show the greatest range in the times at which they  occur are the first menstrual period, the testes enlargement and the growth of pubic hair.

d) It is unusual, but other hormones will be secreted anyway.

e) On average, it is the girls  that first show the onset of puberty.